There are countless great careers to choose from! This list is only a sample of the exciting jobs available which use math on a day-to-day basis. Speak to your parents, Guidance Counsellors and teachers to find out more about choosing the right courses for the path you want to take!
Click on a career from the careers list to select it. The different high school math pathways necessary to lead you to the required university or college programs for your selected career will be shown below.
Move your mouse over the course codes to see their full descriptions. Click on a code to select it. Choose your math courses for each year to see which careers open up for you.
Choose a career to see the math course paths
The Canadian aerospace industry is recognised as the world leader in many aerospace sectors and technologies, including: regional jets, commuter and business aircraft, small gas turbine power plants, aircraft simulators, communication satellites, airframe and engine overhaul and repair, and guidance systems. (Carleton University)
Sustainable agriculture is about creating a food system that is responsible, justice-oriented, efficient, effective, and viable. It's about farms that can produce food sustainably, as well as humane working conditions, ethical treatment of animals, living wages, fair prices, profitable business models, conservation of biodiversity, resource stewardship, healthy diets and food sovereignty in Indigenous communities. (Trent University)
A&P Mechanic, A&P Technician, Aerospace Mechanic, Aircraft Engine Mechanic, Aircraft Engine Technician, Aircraft Engineer, Aircraft Maintenance Technician, Aircraft Technician, Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic, Airframe and Powerplant Technician, Airframe Mechanic, Aviation Mechanic, Heliport Design and Planning, Powerplant Mechanic
Train hands-on on actual aircraft! Learn to troubleshoot vital aircraft components and systems, including piston and turbine engines, electrical systems, hydraulics and navigation and communication systems. Study the challenging complexities of fixed and rotary wing aircraft while gaining the theoretical skills you need for apprenticeship employment. (Canadore College)
Architects use their design and technical know-how, commitment to collaboration and project management skills to guide entire design and construction processes from start to finish. (Ryerson University)
The Architectural Technology program prepares you for a variety of careers in the building construction industry. Using state-of-the-art computer technology, you learn to prepare designs and construction drawings for residential, institutional, commercial, industrial and multi-use buildings. (Centennial College)
Research in the Department seeks to explore and explain fundamental questions that range from understanding the origin of the universe, cosmology, and astrophysics, to understanding the world on an ever diminishing scale, from biological systems to the nano-scale, condensed matter, atomic and molecular and particle physics. (York University)
Learn about the construction, operation, design, and manufacturing of modern vehicles. Evaluate current and future automotive propulsion technologies, advanced combustion systems, hybrid powertrains, and alternative fuel vehicles. Use engineering fundamentals and state- of-the-art software to identify, formulate, analyze, and solve problems related to the machine components and assemblies used in the automotive industry. (Mohawk College)
This one-year Ontario College Certificate program is designed to help start your career as a baker or pastry chef. Students receive practical, theoretical and hands-on training in the areas of baking, cake decorating, sanitation and safety and shop management. (Algonquin College)
Spanning a broad area of science, biochemistry appeals to those who like to understand how life works.
Biochemists work in areas such as medical, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology research, food and agriculture, forensics, cell biology, molecular biology, physical biochemistry, as well as analytical and organic chemistry. (Waterloo University)
Biomechanics, Biomedical Data/Image Analyst , Biomedical Engineer, Designer and Engineer of Sports Equipment and Testing, Designing and Testing Sports Equipment, Disease and Biological Systems Modelling and Simulation, Medical Device Product Designer and Manufacturer, Pharmaceuticals, Researcher and Developer in Medical Devices and Instrumentation Fields, Simulation and Modeling of Diseases and Biological System Manager
Biomedical Engineers apply the principles and technologies associated with engineering to design innovative ways to improve human health and quality of life. In this hands-on program, you will study anatomy, physiology and pathology as well as courses in electronics, mechanics, and computer science. Biomedical Engineers examine bio-systems from molecular to a full body scale to understand what happens when something goes wrong, as in the case of injury or disease. Biomedical Engineering can also be an entry point into medical school. (Guelph University)
Biotechnology applies the principles of biochemistry and biology to the study and manipulation of living organisms for industrial, medical, agricultural and environmental applications. Some areas of biotechnology include genetic engineering, metabolic engineering, personalized medicine, drug development, applied microbiology and fermentation techniques, and biological control of insect pests. (Carleton University)
The program provides a strong foundation in all management disciplines, develops management and people skills, and refines the students' ability to view and analyze issues, opportunities and situations from a strategic perspective, allowing them to become responsible agents of change. Emphasis is placed on the applications of relevant, contemporary management concepts, models and philosophies with an integrated approach to problem solving and an appreciation of all aspects of the organization. (UOttawa)
Fundamental carpentry skills including the design and construction of footings and foundations, the layout and framing of floors, walls and roof systems and the completion of interior and exterior finishes will be covered. Throughout the program, energy efficiency, green building principles and materials and safety in construction practices will be emphasized. (Durham College)
The program is based on the professional practice of child and youth care supported by the disciplines of psychology, sociology, community development, political science and education. The curriculum focuses on the theory and research of relational practice: building relationships to support children and youth in crisis or going through change. (Humber College)
Civil Engineering is a rewarding and challenging profession. Primary endeavors of the civil engineer are building and maintaining the physical infrastructure of our society, as well as the utilization and conservation of natural resources for the benefit of humanity.
The majority of the infrastructure that surrounds us is the work of a civil engineer. Airports, pipelines, bridges, sewage treatment plants, buildings, transportation systems, dams, tunnels, harbors, water distribution and wastewater collection systems, industrial facilities, water treatment plants and irrigation channels are examples of the application of civil engineering. (UOttawa)
The Commerce curriculum provides a solid foundation of management fundamentals across all aspects of business, and the opportunity to specialize in your particular area or areas of interest. (Queen's University)
Computer Network Architecture, Computer Programmer/Analyst, Computer Software Security Development, Data Management Officer, Illustration and Graphic Design, Mobile/Cloud Computing Software Developer, Pilot , Software Developer, Software Engineer, Special Effects Supervisor/Designer for Film and TV, Video Game Development, Web Developer
Computers and computer systems play a central role in business, communication, science, entertainment and medicine. Computer Science is an ever-changing discipline that studies the theory, design and implementation of computer applications and systems. You will learn to use computing and information technology to help solve the problems that we face in business, science and society today and those that we will face tomorrow. (Carleton University)
You'll learn from top-notch industry professionals the skills needed to succeed as a chef, cook or culinary manager in the Culinary Management diploma program. Demonstrations, lectures and hands-on practice will teach you the fundamental skills you'll need for a successful career in today's leading restaurants and culinary industries. In addition, our special-focus courses will teach you about emerging culinary trends such as local sustainable foods, nutrition and international influences. You will develop the interpersonal skills you'll need to build a successful career, and the leadership skills you'll need to run a business. To top it all off, you'll also complete a unique industry externship program, which will give you a chance to work with top chefs and industry leaders. (George Brown)
The Dental Hygiene program integrates academic studies and clinical practice to prepare you to practice with the client and the community, providing collaborative health care in a variety of settings. The dental hygiene process of care is foundational to the clinical experience, emphasizing the acquisition of critical thinking skills while fostering a client-centered approach and upholding the most current standards of practice and ethical principles. (Durham College)
The tools and technologies that drive society forward - everything from computer systems to electronic devices to power transmission systems - comprise the work of electrical engineers. Electrical engineers also help create "intelligent" systems such as telecommunications, robotics, consumer electronics, multimedia, biomedical, integrated sensors and transducers, miniaturized high-density devices, power systems, aerospace and industrial automation. (Ryerson University)
Apprentice Electrician, Electrical Draftsperson, Electrical Panel Assembler, Electrician, Electrician Instrumentation Technician, Field Services Technician, Maintenance Electrician, Quality Control / Quality Assurance Technician in Electrical Manufacturing, Technical Sales Representative, Technical Trainer
Electricity powers our world and is present all around us, providing light, power, air conditioning and refrigeration. This program focuses on commercial and residential electrical installation. It will provide you with basic skills in electricity, network cabling and electrical system installation and ensure you become familiar with the relevant tools and materials required in this field to successfully understand, install and test basic electrical systems for a specified number of applications. (Durham College)
DNA and Fingerprint Analysis, Eco-Tourism Professional, Ecologist, Energy Consultant, Environmental Activist, Environmental Educator, Environmental Impact Assessment Specialist, Fisheries Biologist, Forensic Scientist, Natural Resources Manager, Pathologist, Policy Advisor, Toxicologist, Traffic Collision Reconstructionist
Forensic science is the application of scientific principles and procedures to the law. (Laurentian University)
This three-year Ontario College Advanced Diploma program prepares students for careers as game developers, a profession in demand by various industries including entertainment, education, government and consumer products. Strong emphasis is placed on developing the hands-on component, which is offered through courses in game design and development, traditional and digital imaging, authoring, animation and programming. Computer programming is an essential component of the program. (Algonquin College)
Become a part of this growing field which combines geography and computer science to understand our changing world. In Geomatics, you'll learn to use tools such as remote sensing, computer mapping, geographic information systems (GIS), and GPS to analyze information and make meaningful decisions. Be sought after in many fields, such as business, education, public health, the environment, and urban planning. (Waterloo University)
Human Kinetics is concerned with understanding capacities for, and limits of, human movement at different ages and with the role of physical activity in human health. Through the use of electives, students may structure a program emphasizing biomechanics and ergonomics, human population biology or nutrition, exercise and metabolism. (Guelph University)
Students develop specialized knowledge, skills and judgment in conducting a systematic client assessment, formulating a comprehensive and clinical impression, developing a specific treatment plan, performing safe, competent, and comprehensive massage therapy and evaluating outcomes. Students learn how to meet legal and ethical obligations according to legislative and profession-specific guidelines. Anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, massage theory, communication, entrepreneurial and professional skills are also emphasized. (Algonquin College)
This program trains students for entry-level positions in the field of plumbing. Plumbers install, repair and maintain pipes, fixtures and other plumbing equipment used for water distribution and wastewater disposal in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. (Sheridan College)
Mechatronics engineering is the design of computer-controlled electromechanical systems. It can be viewed as 'modern mechanical engineering design' in the sense that the design of the mechanical system must be performed together with that of the electrical/electronic and computer control aspects that will comprise the complete system.
Some examples of mechatronic systems include: a CD or DVD player; a computer hard disc drive; a video cassette recorder (VCR); a fly-by-wire aircraft control system; and an anti-lock braking system (ABS). Each of these products is essentially mechanical in nature, but could not function without the integral design of the electrical and computer control systems that are critical to their operation. (Waterloo University)
Medicinal chemistry is the science of drug discovery. You'll be trained as a chemist but will also gain the skills and knowledge necessary for careers involving the design, creation, and evaluation of potential medications. (Waterloo University)
Foundations in medical competencies that will prepare them for success in qualifying examinations and in post-graduate training programs and for fulfilling careers serving their patients and their communities. (Queen's University)
Bioinformatics Scientist, Biosafety Officer, Food Technologist, Genomics Scientist, Laboratory Manager, Genetics, Manufacturing Supervisor, Microbiologist, Microbiology Research Technician , Molecular Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Pharmaceuticals, Pharmacologist, Stem Cell Biology Scientist
Researchers in the focus area of Molecular Medicine and Human Genetics use cells and organisms as models for human disease to understand how gene mutations affect function, and to find ways to ameliorate the clinical outcome. As the sequencing revolution has changed our approach to science, a genetic revolution is underway with the discovery of the RNA-guided nuclease systems such as CRISPR/Cas9, which allow for the engineering of any type of mutation to be created or corrected in virtually any cell or organism. Therefore, a genetic or genomic analysis of patient samples to study inherited diseases and susceptibility to disease is only the beginning, as new models to understand disease are developed, and used to improve treatments. (University of Toronto)
A&R Management/Representation/Coordination, Administrative Assistant, Artist Management, Booking Agent/Concert Promoter, Manufacturer of Electronic Music Equipment , Marketing and Audience Development, Music Administrator, Music Publisher, Office Administrator, Producer and Distributor of Recorded Music, Production Assistant , Social Media Management
This program, the only one of its kind in Canada, prepares students for management positions in various fields within the music industry, such as, music publishing, instrument manufacturing, music/arts management, production and distribution of recorded music, manufacturing of electronic music equipment, and the marketing of music products. (University of Western Ontario)
Charge Nurse, Clinical Nurse Specialist, ER Nurse, Head Nurse, Hospice Care Nurse, Long-Term Care-Nurse Manager, Medical Surgical Nurse Practitioner , Nurse Coordinator, Nurse Education Coordinator, Nurse Practitioner , Nursing Services Instructor, Obstetrics Nurse, Occupational Health Nurse, Oncology Staff Nurse, Pediatric Home Care Nurse, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, Registered Nurse, School Nurse, Senior Medical Assistant, Surgical First Assistant
As a nurse, your role may be clinical practitioner, administrator, teacher or researcher. You may practice in many settings, from hospital to home, in clinics or industry. (University of Windsor)
The field of food science integrates and applies knowledge from the disciplines of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, economics, and nutrition to preserve, process, package, and distribute foods that are nutritious, affordable, desirable, and safe to eat. It includes areas such as food manufacturing (from product development to packaging); food composition (food chemistry); food additives (vitamins, preservatives, colour, flavour); stability (shelf life, microbiology); food safety (contaminants, food poisoning); and the sensory properties of food (taste, appearance, smell, texture). (Carleton University)
This two-year Ontario College Diploma program is a demanding program of study that trains students in all aspects of pre-hospital emergency medicine. Students develop the clinical reasoning skills necessary to deal effectively with medical and traumatic emergencies, and develop the ability to communicate effectively with patients, family members and healthcare professionals. (Algonquin College)
This program is designed to prepare students with the knowledge and skills needed to provide support services to people living at home, in long term care or acute care facilities, and to function as integral members of the health care team. Upon successful completion of this program, the graduate will have demonstrated the ability to effectively communicate with clients, families and members of the health care team. They will also have demonstrated their ability to provide safe and competent care for individual clients who are experiencing physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioural challenges. Personal Support Workers (PSWs) are unregulated health care providers who work under the supervision of a regulated health care professional or in the supported independent living environment under the direction of the client. (Georgian College)
Health and Wellness Associate, Healthcare Sales Representative, M&M Candy Coater , Pharmaceutical Equipment Machinist, Pharmacist, Pharmacy Client Liaison, Pharmacy Coordinator, Pharmacy Technician, Product Management, Rare Disease Family Access Manager, Relief Pharmacist, Sales Representative - Medical Equipment
Student pharmacists have the opportunity to care for patients as part of an interdisciplinary team of physicians, pharmacists, nurses and other health care professionals. (Waterloo University)
A Pharmacy Technician is an essential health professional within the health care team. This program offers low student-teacher ratios with experts who continue to work in the field. As a Pharmacy Technician student, you will gain the knowledge, skills and professionalism required for success in both retail and hospital settings. You will learn about relevant legislation, health care ethics, anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, customer care, hospital and retail software systems, calculations, inventory management, hospital practice, and infection control. (Lambton College)
Physician assistants (PAs) are health care professionals who work with physicians to provide health care. Under the overall supervision of a physician PAs take histories, conduct physical examinations, order and interpret tests, diagnose and treat illnesses, counsel on preventive health care and may assist in surgery. A PA's practice may also include education, research and administration. (McMaster University)
This skills-based program offers a unique opportunity for students to prepare for all facets of the powerline occupation. Students will learn the skills required for the construction, maintenance and repair of overhead and underground power-distribution systems. (Conestoga College)
You'll begin by learning the dynamic role of the Practical Nurse in the healthcare community while preparing to be an important member of the health care team. You'll learn all about anatomy, nutrition and pharmacology, and the nuances of personal and working relationships. (Fanshawe College)
Technical and business aspects of the home renovation industry. You will study all facets of house construction and basic building systems including building codes. Your courses will provide you with the business skills that you need to succeed in the industry including management, estimating, finances and communications. (Humber College)
Respiratory therapists specialize in the identification and treatment of various cardiopulmonary disorders. Respiratory therapists are an integral part of the health-care team providing services such as ventilation and airway management, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, oxygen and aerosol therapy, patient assessment and evaluation, assisting at high-risk births and assisting with anesthesia in the operating room. In the community, respiratory therapists bring their expertise to home care, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) education, rehabilitation, education and medical equipment sales. (Conestoga College)
You'll build a sound knowledge of human behaviour and psychology, individual and social problems, and learn proven techniques to prepare you for social service work in social agencies and social welfare programs. (Fanshawe College)
The veterinary technician is a vital member of the veterinary healthcare team who provides valuable skills in a variety of areas including patient care, specimen collection, sample analysis, surgical assisting, anesthesia, radiography, and nutritional support to numerous animal species. The program prepares students with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills necessary to work in an ethical, competent, and professional manner in companion and /or large animal veterinary practices, animal shelters, biomedical facilities, zoos or wildlife facilities. (Algonquin College)
A chain is only as strong as its weakest link. The precision work of welders and fabricators holds up bridges and delivers miners safely underground. Gain skills in welding, fabrication, detailing and millwrighting that you can use across the country, from coast to coast, in virtually any industry. (Loyalist College)
The curriculum for secondary school is organized into several types of courses. The system of courses is intended to enable students to choose courses that are suited to their strengths, interests, and goals. In Grades 9 and 10, three types of math courses are offered: academic, applied and locally developed compulsory credit. Courses in Grades 11 and 12 are designed to prepare students for a post-secondary destination – that is, for university, college, apprenticeship training, or the workplace.
The three types of courses in Grades 9 and 10 are defined as follows:
Academic courses develop students' knowledge and skills through the study of theory and abstract problems. These courses focus on the essential concepts of a subject and explore related concepts as well. They incorporate practical applications as appropriate.
Applied courses focus on the essential concepts of a subject, and develop students' knowledge and skills through practical applications and concrete examples. Familiar situations are used to illustrate ideas, and students are given more opportunities to experience hands-on applications of the concepts and theories they study. Both types of courses set high expectations for students while preparing them for studies in the senior grades. The two types of courses differ in the balance between essential concepts and additional material, and in the balance between theory and application. In planning courses of study, teachers take into account the need to adapt instructional approaches and materials to reflect the differences between the two course types.
Locally developed compulsory credit courses are appropriate for students whose skills in Mathematics, English and Science are not sufficient for them to be successful in applied or academic courses. Locally developed compulsory credit courses count as compulsory credits. Upon completion of Grade 9 locally developed compulsory courses students may choose to either continue into Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit courses or may attempt Grade 9 applied courses. Students must choose between academic, applied and locally developed compulsory credit courses in English, Mathematics, Science and Canadian History. In French as a Second Language and Geography, students choose between academic and applied courses.
Students in Grades 9 and 10 will make the choice between academic, applied and locally developed compulsory credit courses primarily on the basis of their strengths, interests, and needs. Their parents and teachers will help them make their choices, which will be reflected in their annual education plan. The selection of courses for exceptional students should also be guided by information in the student's Individual Education Plan.
Students who are successful in any academic or applied course in Grade 9 will be able to proceed to either the academic or the applied course in the same subject in Grade 10. The exception to this is Grade 9 Applied to Academic Mathematics, where students will be required to complete a transfer course. When a student plans to switch from one course type in Grade 9 to the other in Grade 10, the student is strongly encouraged to successfully complete additional course work. This is defined by the ministry as up to 30 hours of work undertaken in order to demonstrate achievement of the learning expectations that are included in the one Grade 9 course but not the other. This additional course work will be referred to as crossover material.
Grade 10 academic and applied courses will prepare students for particular Grade 11 courses, for which prerequisites are specified in the curriculum policy documents for Grades 11 and 12.
In Grades 11 and 12, students will choose from among four destination-related course types: university preparation, university/college preparation, college preparation, and workplace preparation.
Students will make their choices on the basis of their interests, achievement, and career goals. All university preparation courses, university/college preparation courses, college preparation courses, and workplace preparation courses have been developed in collaboration with representatives of universities, colleges, apprenticeship programs, or the business community, as appropriate, and are designed to enable students to meet the entrance requirements of post-secondary institutions, apprenticeship and other training programs, or the expectations of employers in the workplace.
The following is a brief description of the types of courses that are available in the various disciplines of the Ontario curriculum in Grades 11 and 12:
University preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the entrance requirements for university programs.
University/college preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the entrance requirements for specific programs offered at universities and colleges.
College preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the requirements for entrance to most college programs or for admission to apprenticeship or other training programs.
Workplace preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the expectations of employers, if they plan to enter the workplace directly after graduation, or the requirements for admission to certain apprenticeship or other training programs.
Open courses are designed to broaden students' knowledge and skills in subjects that reflect their interests and to prepare them for active and rewarding participation in society. They are not designed with the specific requirements of universities, colleges, or the workplace in mind.
Prerequisites are specified for many of the courses offered in Grades 11 and 12. They are identified in the curriculum policy documents.
A transfer course is a partial-credit course that bridges the gap between courses of two different types in the same subject and grade. If a student earns an Applied Grade 9 Mathematics credit and wishes to take Academic Grade 10 Mathematics, he/she would be required to complete a 0.5 transfer credit at Summer School. This credit would appear on the student's transcript. The availability of a transfer course will depend on the number of students requesting the program.
School boards may apply for permission to offer courses that have been designed to meet the particular needs of the students in their schools. Such a course is not described in a ministry curriculum policy document, and usually does not meet the compulsory graduation requirements as set out above. School boards are allowed to develop one course in each of Grade 9 English, Mathematics and Science and Grade 10 English, Mathematics and Canadian History that is acceptable as a compulsory course. These courses are referred to as Locally Developed Compulsory Credit Courses.